The Provisional Government of Oregon declared slavery illegal. Slave owners were required to free enslaved Black people within 3 years. However, also included was the infamous “Lash Law,” requiring that Black people – be they free or enslaved – be whipped twice a year “until he or she shall quit the territory” – later changed to forced labor.
In 1858, the first Exclusion Law was passed, forbidding Black people from moving to Oregon.
Jacob Vanderpool, a Black saloon keeper in Salem, was the only person known to have been kicked out of the state.